Computer
Herstory Museum

 
 
While thousands of women played key roles in the development and deployment of modern computing and the Internet in the United States, their names and their contributions have often gone unrecognized.

Meet some of these remarkable pioneers and learn about their contributions to the technology revolution.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jeanne Clare Adams

Jeanne Clare Adams

Social Implementers

Frances E. Allen

Frances E. Allen

Programmers and Developers

Sharon Altus

Sharon Altus

Programmers and Developers

Dana Angluin

Dana Angluin

Educators

Ruth Rauschenberger Ammlung

Ruth Rauschenberger Ammlung

Programmers and Developers

Ruth Leach Amonette

Ruth Leach Amonette

Educators

Kay McNulty Mauchly Antonelli

Kay McNulty Mauchly Antonelli

Programmers and Developers

Wanda Austin

Wanda Austin

Social Implementers

Henriette Avram

Henriette Avram

Programmers and Developers

Rebecca Bace

Rebecca Bace

Defenders

Maureen Baginski

Maureen Baginski

Defenders

Dona Bailey

Dona Bailey

Programmers and Developers

Ruzena Bajcsy

Ruzena Bajcsy

Educators

Jean Bartik

Jean Bartik

Programmers and Developers

Carol Bartz

Carol Bartz

Social implementers

Gwen Bell

Gwen Bell

Social Implementers

Evelyn Berezin

Evelyn Berezin

Inventors and Designers

Marsha Berger

Marsha Berger

Educators

Danielle Bunten Berry

Danielle Bunten Berry

Programmers and Developers

Gertrude Blanch

Gertrude Blanch

Theorists

Dorothy Toplitzky Blum

Dorothy Toplitzky Blum

Defenders

Lenore Blum

Lenore Blum

Educators

Sharla Boehm

Sharla Boehm

Theorists

Anita Borg

Anita Borg

Social Implementers

Sarah Botsai

Sarah Botsai

Defenders

Eileen Buckholtz

Eileen Buckholtz

Social Implementers

Mary Budenbach

Mary Budenbach

Defenders

Margaret Burnett

Margaret Burnett

Educators

Lila Todd Butler

Lila Todd Butler

Programmers and Developers

Margaret K Butler

Margaret K Butler

Programmers and Developers

Ruth Haueter Cahn

Ruth Haueter Cahn

Programmers and Developers

Elizabeth Jean Campbell

Elizabeth Jean Campbell

Programmers and Developers

Ann Caracristi

Ann Caracristi

Defenders

Aileen Cavanagh

Aileen Cavanagh

Programmers and Developers

Lorinda Cherry

Lorinda Cherry

Programmers and Developers

Judy Clapp

Judy Clapp

Programmers and Developers

Barbara Clark

Barbara Clark

Defenders

Edith Clarke

Edith Clarke

Educators

Mary Clem

Mary Clem

Inventors and Designers

Lynn Conway

Lynn Conway

Inventors and Designers

Mary Coombs

Mary Coombs

Programmers and Developers

Christine Darden

Christine Darden

Programmers and Developers

Ingrid Daubechies

Ingrid Daubechies

Theorists

Deborah Davidson

Deborah Davidson

Programmers and Developers

Ruth Margaret Davis

Ruth Margaret Davis

Social Implementers

Wilma Zimmerman Davis

Wilma Zimmerman Davis

Defenders

Elaine Denniston

Elaine Denniston

Programmers and Developers

Marjorie Devaney

Marjorie Devaney

Programmers and Developers

Agnes Meyer Driscoll

Agnes Meyer Driscoll

Defenders

Donna Dubinsky

Donna Dubinsky

Programmers and Developers

Annie Easley

Annie Easley

Programmers and Developers

Carla Ellis

Carla Ellis

Educators

Judith Estrin

Judith Estrin

Social Implementers

Thelma Estrin

Thelma Estrin

Educators

Elizabeth Feinler

Elizabeth Feinler

Social Implementers

Genevieve Grotjan Feinstein

Genevieve Grotjan Feinstein

Defenders

Christiane Fellbaum

Christiane Fellbaum

Social Implementers

Vera Ruth Filby

Vera Ruth Filby

Defenders

Carly Fiorina

Carly Fiorina

Social Implementers

Sally Floyd

Sally Floyd

Inventors and Designers

Alexandra Ilmer Forsythe

Alexandra Ilmer Forsythe

Educators

Barbara Fox

Barbara Fox

Programmers and Developers

Margaret R. Fox

Margaret R. Fox

Social Implementers

Phyllis Fox

Phyllis Fox

Inventors and Designers

Elizebeth Friedman

Elizebeth Friedman

Defenders

Clara Froelich

Clara Froelich

Programmers and Developers

Susan Gerhart

Susan Gerhart

Educators

Adele Goldberg

Adele Goldberg

Programmers and Developers

Adele Goldstine

Adele Goldstine

Programmers and Developers

Fan Chung Graham

Fan Chung Graham

Theorists

Susan L.Graham

Susan L.Graham

Educators

Evelyn Boyd Granville

Evelyn Boyd Granville

Educators

Irene Greif

Irene Greif

Educators

Barbara Grosz

Barbara Grosz

Educators

Lois Gutman

Lois Gutman

Programmers and Developers

Lois Haibt

Lois Haibt

Programmers and Developers

Margaret Hamilton

Margaret Hamilton

Programmers and Developers

Pamela Hardt-English

Pamela Hardt-English

Social Implementers

Ann Hardy

Ann Hardy

Programmers and Developers

Mary Jean Harrold

Mary Jean Harrold

Social Implementers

Mary Hawes

Mary Hawes

Programmers and Developers

Paula Hawthorn

Paula Hawthorn

Social Implemeters

Marlene Hazle

Marlene Hazle

Programmers and Developers

Beatrice Alice Hicks

Beatrice Alice Hicks

Inventors and Designers

Julia Hirschberg

Julia Hirschberg

Theorists

Genevieve Young Hitt

Genevieve Young Hitt

Defenders

Betty Snyder Holberton

Betty Snyder Holberton

Programmers and Developers

Laura Holmes

Laura Holmes

Defenders

Erna Schneider Hoover

Erna Schneider Hoover

Inventors and Designers

Grace Murray Hopper

Grace Murray Hopper

Inventors and Designers

Judy Hoyt

Judy Hoyt

Educators

Vera Huckel

Vera Huckel

Programmers and Developers

Velma Roeth Huskey

Velma Roeth Huskey

Social Implementers

Mary Jane Irwin

Mary Jane Irwin

Educators

Kathleen Jackson

Kathleen Jackson

Programmers and Developers

Mary Jackson

Mary Jackson

Programmers and Developers

Leah Jamieson

Leah Jamieson

Educators

Mary Janowitz

Mary Janowitz

Programmers and Developers

Katherine Johnson

Katherine Johnson

Programmers and Developers

Anita K. Jones

Anita K. Jones

Social Implementers

Susan Kare

Susan Kare

Inventors and Designers

Mary Kenneth Keller

Mary Kenneth Keller

Social Implementers

Minnie Kenny

Minnie Kenny

Defenders

Dorothy McEwen Kildall

Dorothy McEwen Kildall

Social Implementer

Velva Klaessy

Velva Klaessy

Defenders

Maria Klawe

Maria Klawe

Educators

Sue Knapp

Sue Knapp

Programmers and Developers

Eleanor Kolchin

Eleanor Kolchin

Programmers and Developers

Adele Mildred Koss

Adele Mildred Koss

Programmers and Developers

Sandra Kurtzig

Sandra Kurtzig

Social Implementers

Hedy Lamarr

Hedy Lamarr

Inventors and Designers

Susan Landau

Susan Landau

Educators

Brenda Laurel

Brenda Laurel

Inventors and Designers

Margaret LeMone

Margaret LeMone

Social Implementers

Nancy Leveson

Nancy Leveson

Educators

Barbara Liskov

Barbara Liskov

Educators

Joyce Currie Little

Joyce Currie Little

Educators

Nancy Ann Lynch

Nancy Ann Lynch

Educators

Chris Macie

Chris Macie

Programmers and Developers

Florence Jessie MacWilliams

Florence Jessie MacWilliams

Theorists

Judy Malloy

Judy Malloy

Programmers and Developers

Marie Bierstein Malone

Marie Bierstein Malone

Programmers and Developers

Miriam D. Mann

Miriam D. Mann

Programmers and Developers

Ethel C. Marden

Ethel C. Marden

Programmers and Developers

Hilda Faust Mathieu

Hilda Faust Mathieu

Defenders

Kathleen McKeown

Kathleen McKeown

Educators

Barbara McNamara

Barbara McNamara

Defenders

Carol McWilliams

Carol McWilliams

Programmers and Developers

Marlyn Wescoff Meltzer

Marlyn Wescoff Meltzer

Programmers and Developers

Toby Merriken

Toby Merriken

Defenders

Marie Meyer

Marie Meyer

Defenders

Juliana Mickwitz

Juliana Mickwitz

Defenders

Jude Milhon

Jude Milhon

Programmers and Developers

Elaine Mills

Elaine Mills

Programmers and Developers

Juanita Moody

Juanita Moody

Defenders

JoAnn Hardin Morgan

JoAnn Hardin Morgan

Programmers and Developers

Nora Moser

Nora Moser

Programmers and Developers

Melba Roy Mouton

Melba Roy Mouton

Programmers and Developers

Klara Dan von Neumann

Klara Dan von Neumann

Programmers and Developers

Poppy Northcutt

Poppy Northcutt

Programmers and Developers

Meral Ozsoyoglu

Meral Ozsoyoglu

Educators

Jayne Partridge

Jayne Partridge

Programmers and Developers

Barbara Paulson

Barbara Paulson

Programmers and Developers

Louise Pearsall

Louise Pearsall

Defenders

Katherine Peddrew

Katherine Peddrew

Programmers and Developers

Radia Perlman

Radia Perlman

Inventors and Designers

Janet R. Perna

Janet R. Perna

Social Implementers

Mary Louise Prather

Mary Louise Prather

Defenders

Renetta Predmore-Lynch

Renetta Predmore-Lynch

Defenders

Mina Rees

Mina Rees

Educators

Homé McAllister Reitwesner

Homé McAllister Reitwesner

Programmers and Developers

Judith A.Resnik

Judith A.Resnik

Programmers and Developers

Manglona - Reson_edited_edited

Manglona - Reson_edited_edited

Programmers and Developers

Ida Rhodes

Ida Rhodes

Inventors and Designers

Harriett B. Rigas

Harriett B. Rigas

Educators

Virginia Jenkins Riley

Virginia Jenkins Riley

Defenders

Billie Robertson

Billie Robertson

Programmers and Developers

Arianna W. Rosenbluth

Arianna W. Rosenbluth

Theorists

Marie Rowland

Marie Rowland

Programmers and Developers

Rosalie Ryan

Rosalie Ryan

Social Implementers

Phyllis Rye

Phyllis Rye

Programmers and Developers

Jean Sammet

Jean Sammet

Programmers and Developers

Pamela Samuelson

Pamela Samuelson

Educators

Lucy Sanders

Lucy Sanders

Social Implementers

Jeanette Scissum

Jeanette Scissum

Social Implementers

Patricia Selinger

Patricia Selinger

Programmers and Developers

Carol Shaw

Carol Shaw

Programmers and Developers

Mary Shaw

Mary Shaw

Educators

Mya Shone

Mya Shone

Programmers and Developers

Liuba Shrira

Liuba Shrira

Educators

Elsie Shutt

Elsie Shutt

Social Implementers

Willa Wyatt Sigmund

Willa Wyatt Sigmund

Programmers and Developers

Barbara Simons

Barbara Simons

Social Implementers

Karen Sollins

Karen Sollins

Social Implementers

Cynthia Solomon

Cynthia Solomon

Programmers and Developers

Frances Bilas Spence

Frances Bilas Spence

Programmers and Developers

Barbera Stephenson

Barbera Stephenson

Programmers and Developers

Marion Stokes

Marion Stokes

Social Implementers

Peggy Strader

Peggy Strader

Programmers and Developers

Anna Strong

Anna Strong

Defenders

Judy Sullivan

Judy Sullivan

Social Implementers

Madeline Sullivan

Madeline Sullivan

Programmers and Developers

Katharine Swift

Katharine Swift

Defenders

Ruth Teitelbaum

Ruth Teitelbaum

Programmers and Developers

Augusta H. Teller

Augusta H. Teller

Programmers and Developers

Valerie Thomas

Valerie Thomas

Inventors and Designers

Amy Thorpe

Amy Thorpe

Defenders

Gertude Tierney

Gertude Tierney

Inventors and Designers

Marilyn Mantei Tremaine

Marilyn Mantei Tremaine

Educators

Janie Tsao

Janie Tsao

Social Implementers

Mary Tsingou-Menzel

Mary Tsingou-Menzel

Programmers and Developers

Dana Ulery

Dana Ulery

Programmers and Developers

Van Lew

Van Lew

Defenders

Dorothy Vaughan

Dorothy Vaughan

Programmers and Developers

Julia Ward

Julia Ward

Defenders

Gladys West

Gladys West

Programmers and Developers

Julia Wetzel

Julia Wetzel

Defenders

Telle Whitney

Telle Whitney

Social Implementers

Patricia Wilcox

Patricia Wilcox

Programmers and Developers

Mary Allen Wilkes

Mary Allen Wilkes

Programmers and Developers

Marsha Rhea Williams

Marsha Rhea Williams

Educators

Roberta Williams

Roberta Williams

Programmers and Developers

Ruth Wilson

Ruth Wilson

Defenders

Edith Windsor

Edith Windsor

Programmers and Developers

Jeannette Wing

Jeannette Wing

Educators

Joan Winters

Joan Winters

Social Implementers

Viola Woodward

Viola Woodward

Programmers and Developers

Margaret Wright

Margaret Wright

Educators

Irma Wyman

Irma Wyman

Social Implementers

Pearl I. Young

Pearl I. Young

Social Implementers

Saydean Zeldin

Saydean Zeldin

Programmers and Developers

Lixia Zhang

Lixia Zhang

Educators

Do you know a U.S. woman in computing over 65 (or deceased) who should be included in the next update?
Have a source to contribute to expand a profile? See a bug? 
Let us know.  Is the woman an international pioneer? Add the pioneer to our international spreadsheets.

* * *

We are still building the museum reading room and viewing lounge.
In the meantime, check out these excellent books on computing history and some of the pioneers in our museum:

Jason Fagone, The Woman Who Smashed Codes (2018).
Mar Hicks, Programmed Inequality (2019).
Liza Mundy, Code Girls (2017).
and these books about Dr. Grace Hopper